An ACT Relating to the Use of Affirmative Action in New Jersey Public Colleges and Universities

  • Posted on: 25 February 2020
  • By: Mohit Dutta
Legislature: 
Primary Chamber: 
Title: 
An ACT Relating to the Use of Affirmative Action in New Jersey Public Colleges and Universities
Enactment Clause: 
Be it enacted by the Youth Model Legislature of the State of New Jersey that the use of race in public college and university admissions be prohibited.
Sections: 
Section 1: Defines Affirmative Action as the policy of using quotas or other methods to favor one race over another in college and university admissions. Class-Based Action as the policy of using quotas or other methods to favor those of low socioeconomic status in college and university admissions. EFC, or Expected Family Contribution as an estimate for a student’s or family’s ability to pay for post-secondary education based on FAFSA. FAFSA, or the Free Application for Federal Student Aid as the application created by the US Department of Education that determines student eligibility for financial aid. Public College as a 2-4 year higher-level institution that ends in the obtainment of an associate’s or bachelor’s degree, as well as any professional certificates. Public University as a 2+ year higher-level institution that ends in the obtainment of the previously mentioned degrees, as well as the obtainment of a master’s or doctoral degree. Quotas as reserving specific percentages of entries for certain applicants, such as minorities. This is currently illegal. Score-Adding as a method to increase the original bucketing scores of certain applicants, such as minorities. This is currently legal.
Section 2: The state of New Jersey shall... Halt the use of Affirmative Action policies in all public colleges and universities. Start the use of Class-Based Action in all New Jersey public colleges and universities. Grants eligibility to people of an EFC score of $7500 or lower. Class-Based Action will be implemented in the form of score-adding. The amount added for each college and university will be dealt with on a case-by-case method, as different colleges and universities use different scoring systems in admissions.
Section 3: Acknowledges that 6 public 4-year colleges and universities in New Jersey currently consider race as a factor of admission. Affirmative Action policies have been called discriminatory by Asian Americans and disadvantaged Caucasians. 9 US states currently ban Affirmative Action, including California. According to the Washington Post, 86% of African Americans on selective campuses are from the middle or upper class. This is much higher than the actual amount of African Americans in these socioeconomic conditions, as only about 57% of African Americans have an income above $35000. About 47% of Rutgers attendees come from the top 20%, while only 6.8% come from the bottom 20%.
Encourages: Private colleges and universities to abolish Affirmative Action policies and put Class-Based Action in place. These colleges and universities are not legally required to do this.
Effective Date: 
This bill shall take effect 1 school-term after this bill is enacted.
Statement of Intent: 
This bill’s purpose is to provide more access to higher education to those of lower socioeconomic status while removing the consideration of race in admission to public colleges and universities.
Author's Note: 
N/A
Lobbyist Consideration: 
Yes
Fund Summary: 
Necessary funds will be allocated from the NJ Department of Education.
Speedpass Consideration: 
No
Secondary Sponsor: 
Thinktank Consideration: 
Yes