AN ACT relating to replace coal with biomass

  • Posted on: 4 March 2019
  • By: Brienna Malamug
Bill Number: 
WEEIII3
Legislature: 
Primary Chamber: 
Title: 
An Act to replace coal with biomass to conserve energy in
Enactment Clause: 
Be it enacted by the Youth Model Legislature of the State of New Jersey that the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), IRENA (The International Renewable Energy Agency), NJDEP (New Jersey Department Of Environmental Protection), and other environmental protection agencies institute environmental-friendly sources of energy in manufacturing companies in the State of New Jersey.
Sections: 
Section I: Defines 1a) Biomass: energy created by agricultural products, solid refuse, landfill gas, biofuels, and biogas 1b) Energy: any type of man-made products that require the use of electricity 1c) Agricultural products: the remainder of residue from crops in farming and food waste 1d) Solid refuse: items discarded by humans for waste management 1e) Landfill gas: a mixture of gases made from microorganisms in a landfill 1f) Biofuel: fuel made through cellulosic plants 1g) Cellulosic plants: stringy fiber such as grass, algae, and other plants that give plants their structure 1h) Biogas: a mixture of gases from decomposition produced from raw materials such as manure, municipal waste, and sewage
Section II: Ecological protection organizations shall produce supplemental requirements to insure that electric companies utilize the amount of sustainable energy in the State of New Jersey over time. Converting to biomass may take time to implement all over the state. Gradually increasing the use of biomass can ensure better results in the possible future.
Section III: This legislature affirms that biomass will replace coal as an energy source. Coal contains dangerous metals that integrate into the air when burned. Biomass reuses human and animal waste to generate energy. Landfill gas, alcohol fuels, crops, and wood construct sources of energy that help humans without the cost of environmental destruction. Wood and wood processing wastes are burned to heat buildings, to produce process heat in industry, and to generate electricity. Agricultural crops and waste materials are burned as a fuel or converted to liquid bio fuels. Food, yard, and wood waste in garbage are burned to generate electricity in power plants or converted to bio gas in landfills. Animal manure and human sewage are converted to bio gas. bio gas can also be created from the gases of landfills. There are a multitude of ways for biomass to be created. Biomass is a natural substance that recycles carbon and remains as a renewable energy source. Differing types of biomass will be used in order to maintain diversity in the environment.
Section IV: Industrialized companies will also be required to use biomass to produce energy. Fossil fuels are expensive and limited, whereas biomass can be found easily and abundantly. The production of biomass is cheap and efficient. Biomass decreases human’s overdependence on traditional electricity, which has the ability to be unreliable at times due to power outages. Biomass can be created with many materials and generate more products, saving a plethora of waste from harming the environment and being in landfills.
Section V: Biomass is significantly cheaper than fossil fuels. Because biomass is a low-priced source of energy, it will benefit the economy because consumers will want to buy more of the low cost products than high cost products. Biomass reports to be about 8.5 cents per kWh (Kilowatt hour) for North America as the country weighted levelized cost of electricity (LCOE). Fossil fuel reports to be 9 cents per kWh at its lowest price as the regional weighted LCOE.
Effective Date: 
This bill shall take effect a minimum of five years or more, if needed, after being enacted.
Statement of Intent: 
The purpose of this bill is to reduce the amount of carbon emissions released into the atmosphere, protect the environment from acidic rain and harmful matter, waste management, health effects from lungs, agriculture, and solid waste products from processed coal. For years, greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere has long affected every human being on earth. Carbon emissions are reported to be the greatest amount of greenhouse gases released on earth. Pollutants in the atmosphere also cause asthma and breathing problems globally. Replacing coal with bio gas has many benefits to the citizens. In order to reduce chemicals released into the atmosphere, conservation of energy signifies one of the most essential part to creating a better world for both people and the next generation of new life.
Author's Note: 
The financial operations of the state government are carried out in the fiscal year at the time after being enacted of 150,000 American dollars.
Lobbyist Consideration: 
Yes
Fund Summary: 
Funds necessary for the implementation of this law will come from the state government. Funds generated as a result of this law will go to Environmental Protection Agency.
Speedpass Consideration: 
Yes
Secondary Sponsor: